Information Security in critical infrastructures is a major challenge. Critical infrastructure can be damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, natural disasters, and negligence, leading to a loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of critical infrastructure information assets. Vulnerabilities in critical infrastructure not only create risk for systems, networks, information and public trust but also create a risk to the economic and national security.
Protection of the critical infrastructure information components has become especially important for the economic vitality and way of life. Attacks on critical infrastructure could disrupt the direct functioning of key business and government activities. Critical infrastructure protection requires the development of a competent protection strategy by identifying the critical assets and evaluating the possible risks.